Volume (1), Issue (2), (2015): 40-81

Hroub, N.M and Brair, S.L. (2015). Quality of Nursing Care at National Center for Diabetes Endocrinology and Genetics: Patients Satisfaction. Journal of Basic and Applied Research, 1(2): 40-47

Abstract:

Patients satisfaction is used as an important indicator of quality care and is frequently included in healthcare planning and evaluation. “The aims of this study is to” To study patients' satisfaction regarding the quality of nursing care of the center , identify the main dimensions of patients' satisfaction regarding quality of nursing care. And determine the association between sociodemographic variables and patients' satisfaction regarding quality of the nursing care. The study was conducted during the period from1stDecember 2013 to 1stmaye 2014. The design of this study is Descriptive cross-sectional facility based study. The study sample was 305 patients who were selected randomly. All of them actually participated in the study and completed face to face interviewed questionnaire prepared according to Likert scale and data was analyzed by SPSS. The results showed that participants were moderately satisfied with the quality of nursing care in National Center for Diabetes Endocrinology and Genetics ,by used different dimensions, The total satisfaction mean was (3.22), with higher satisfaction levels in the physical environment of the center (M = 3.85) than technical quality (M =3.20). Patients from both settings were less satisfied with the responsiveness and convenience (M = 2.88). Age, sex, marital status, level of education, income and the diagnosis show statistically significant effects on patients' level of satisfaction. On the other hand duration of diabetes and current occupation did not show statistically significant effects on patients' level of satisfaction. In conclusion, the present study concluded that reforming community health nursing care policies to place more attention on increasing the level of enhance of responsiveness skills of nursing to patients communication and the interpersonal aspects of the provided care could probably increase their satisfaction. Lack of experience and professional skills of nursing care staff, in addition to overload work and the huge number of diabetic patients, increase the need for intensive training for nurses, and the involvement of the patient in treatment plan.

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Hijawi, S. and Mohammad, Z.K.M. (2015). Radiographic Assessment of the Incidence of Supernumerary teeth in a population of 1683 patients (Preliminary study). Journal of Basic and Applied Research, 1(2): 48-54

Abstract:

The purpose of the present study was to investigate the incidence of the supernumerary teeth among Palestinian according to sex, location and morphology. This retrospective study was carried out using 1683 panoramic radiographs (719 males, 964 females) aged seven and older. The supernumerary teeth were observed in 11 (0.65%) panoramic (4 males, 7 females) with (1:1.75) male female ratio. two cases of them showed bilaterally hyperdontia. The premolar was found to be the most common supernumerary, followed by mesiodens and distomolar. The incidence of supernumerary teeth was found to be 0.77%, and we demonstrate that parapremolar the most common in the mandible.

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Majali, I., Althunibat, O.Y.A., Qaralleh, H.N. (2015). Antimicrobial and Immunomodulatory activities of Moringa peregrine- MINIREVIEW. Journal of Basic and Applied Research, 1(2): 55-61

Abstract:

Moringa peregrina is considered as miracle tree. Extracts as well as some isolated compounds of Moringa peregrine show valuable biological activities, such as antimicrobial, antiviral, anticancer, antioxidant, immunomodulatory. On the other hand, Moringa peregrina is used traditionally as home cleaning agent, fertilizer, foliar nutrient, green fertilizer, gum, honey- and sugar cane juice-clarifier, biopesticide. In this review, the natural distribution and the general features for Moringa peregrina were discussed and the antimicrobial and immunomodulatory activities of Moringa peregrine extract were described. This review might guide researchers to undertake further investigation regarding this species and to use it as a source of active compounds.

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Mohammed, M.M.O., Brair, S.L., Elnimeiri, M. (2015). Social Profile of Elderly In Al -Gadarif Region in Eastern Sudan: 2014-2015. Journal of Basic and Applied Research, 1(2): 62-79

Abstract:

Population ageing is a current phenomenon that occurs worldwide due to improved standard of life and health care and services in most of the world countries. In recognition of this phenomenon, geriatric education was recently introduced as part of medical and health sciences. The overall objective of the study to assess the health status and factors affect the health of elderly 65 years and above in El Gadarif region (locality) in Eastern Sudan. This was descriptive cross-sectional study conducted in ElGedarif region. Data were collected by using standardized interview questionnaire for 388 participants. Statistics analysis was done using SPSS and chi-square test. The survey findings showed that 8.4% of the participants of the survey required assistance on eating, 9.5% , on bathing, 8.8%on dressing, while 46.4% required assistance on shopping, and 25% on taking medication. The findings also showed that 45.6% of the participants spent time watching T.V, 44.6% listening to radio, 48.4% engaging in interpersonal communication, and 14.8% reading. Chi-square results for testing significant relationship between taking medication and hypertension showed (P Value 0.06), the equivalent results between chronic disease and assistance in shopping was P value=0.000, between health status and exercise sports was ( p-value 0.000)and between Exercise Sports and sufficient sleep was ( P Value: 0.0). The results of the study reflected the very crucial role of the family in supporting the elderly in El Gadarif region, and showed that most of the participants were able to practice their daily life (routine) activities by themselves.

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Alhroub, N.M. and Alzubi, A. (2015). Prevalence of Hypoglycemia Among type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) patients attending the National Center for Diabetes Endocrinology and Genetics Amman, Jordan. Journal of Basic and Applied Research, 1(2): 70-81

Abstract:

Hypoglycemia and recurrent hypoglycemia may be associated with a significant increase in the risk of major macrovascular and microvascular events and recurrent hypoglycemia was associated with arise in mortality, morbidity. The objectives of this study are to estimate the prevalence of hypoglycemic episodes in T2DM patients attending the National Center for Diabetes, Endocrinology and Genetics and to estimate the rate of hypoglycemic unawareness in these patients and to determine the risk factors associated with hypoglycemic episodes. Across-sectional study was carried out at the National Center for Diabetes ,Endocrinology and Genetics (NCDEG) in Amman-Jordan, conducted from1st of November 2012 to 1st of March 2013 .A total of 1055 patients with type 2 diabetes according to (ADA) and on one or more hypoglycemic agents .Data collected on the severity and frequency and symptoms of hypoglycemic episodes in the 3 month prior to enrollment based (Hypoglycemic Health Assoc. of Australia Questionnaire). of 1055patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus who aged between 21-85years 499males 47.3% and 556 females 52.7%,25.6%had controlled HBA1c, 67.7%were on insulin treatment, 39.8%of them are having type 2 DM for more than 10 years, 57.7% of them were obese with a mean (SD)of the BMI 31.2kg/m2(4.9).Prevalence of hypoglycemia was 46.6% for patients with hypoglycemic symptoms .Logestic regression analysis revealed that occupation, duration of diabetes , HBA1C level , diabetic nephropathy, diabetic foot and type of medication were significant correlated with hypoglycemic episodes . Hypoglycemia is common among Jordanian patients with type 2 DM attending the NCDEG, to maintain glycemic control and prevent hypoglycemia attack should be designed schedule for education concerning self monitoring of blood glucose, diet, medication, and lifestyle. Encourage patients to treat hypoglycemia episodes if showed immediately and don’t delay in treating hypoglycemia.

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