Volume (3), Issue (1), (2017): 1-52

Zaki, H.E.M., Mahmoud, A.M.M., Abd El- Ati, Y.Y., Hammad, A.M. and Sayed, R.M.M. (2017). Studies on pea (Pisum sativum L.) growth and productivity under agroforestry system: 2. Yield and seed quality of pea under alley cropping system with two types of trees. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(1):1-9.

Abstract:

Alley cropping system can play a significant contribution of the multiple components of yield especially in hot regions. This study was carried out at the Tropical Farm of Kom-Ombo, Aswan, Egypt during 2012/2013 and 2013/2014 seasons to investigate the value of growing pea plants under alley cropping with two tree species; the Egyptian river hemp (Sesbania sesban) and white lead tree (Leucaena leucocephala) and three levels of nitrogen fertilization. Sole pea plants which received the recommended N dose (RD) were considered as control. The results indicated that yield and yield components of pea plants were significantly affected with alley cropping. Moreover, the highest values of seed fresh weight were noticed in pea plants allied with Leucaena+1/2 RD. On the other hand, pea allied with Sesbania+1/2 RD of N gave the best results for seeds dry yield, number of seeds/pod, seeds weight/pod, weight of 100 seeds, fresh weight of pod and pod length and diameter. For seed chemical compositions and quality, it was noticed that the lowest NO3 and NO2 contents were due to growing pea plants with Leucaena or Sesbania trees without any N fertilization. The highest seeds total carbohydrate % was for plants allied with Sesbania. However, pea plants allied with Sesbania+1/2 RD gave the highest seeds protein %. The land equivalent ratio of pea with Sesbania or Leucaena showed that this system had better seed yield performance when compared to sole cropping. Therefore, alley cropping with legume trees can reduce fertilizer requirement for vegetable production. Pea, a cool season crop, can be grown under the hedgerow of trees in hot region like Aswan, Egypt and give more production than sole system.

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Akpan, I.A. and Francis, A.J. (2017). Kinetic Potentials of the Effect of Ethanol on Iron Content of Ashed Cow Blood. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(1): 10-15

Abstract:

The kinetic study was carried out to determine the iron content in the ashed cow blood extract. The cow blood was subjected to pretreatment process such as boiling, heating, drying, grinding and ashing. The ashed cow blood was digested in distilled water for 24 hours and then filtered. Few drops of chromic acid was added to the filtrate and left to equilibrate. This was necessary to release iron from the coordinated blood extract. The iron content of the filtered extract was determined spectrophotetrically, using AAS and a concentration of 1.9200 mg/litre of iron was recorded. Kinetic studies were carried out by introducing equal volume of local ethanol into the filtrate and the iron concentration was monitored using AAS at 10 minutes interval. The ethanol led to a gradual decrease of the concentration of iron with increase in time. The average pH of the reaction mixture was 7.5 which was slightly alkaline or near neutral. Other kinetic parameters such as rate of reaction, rate constants, order of reaction, half life and full-life of the kinetics of the effect of ethanol on iron content of the ashed cow blood were determined. The rate of reaction obtained was 0.0215 mg/litre/minute. The rate constant value obtained was 0.010025 mg-dm3min-1. The kinetics revealed a second order type as it was found to fit the second order integrated rate law. A half life value of 51.95 minutes was determined which corresponded to a full life of 103.90 minutes. Discussions are made based on the dangers of alcohol intake to the iron contents of the body.

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Kouadio, N.C.j., Patrice, Y.A.Y.D., Gnanwa, M.J., Konan, H.K., Kouadio, J.P.E.N., Kouame, L.P. (2017). Effects of Post-harvest Storage and Boiling Time on Some Biochemical Parameters of Two Yams Species (Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata variety "tambi″ and Dioscorea alata variety ‘’azaguié’’) Tubers. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(1): 16-21

Abstract:

Samples of two yams species (Dioscore aalata variety ‘’Azaguié’’ and Dioscorea cayenensis-rotundata variety’’Tambi’’) tubers were subjected to different boiling times after post-harvest storage. These yams tubers species were kept for six (6) months after harvest in an aired storage (26.56 ± 3 ºC; 82 ± 5 % RH). Some biochemical parameters such as dry matter, crude protein, crude fat, total sugars and reducing sugars, starch and cellulose were analyzed using standard procedures and methods. Dry matters, reducing sugars and total sugars contents increased significantly (p ≤ 0.05) during preservation from the month 0 to the month 6 at different boiling times and varied from a tuber to another one. Starch content and cellulose content decreased and increased respectively with increased boiling time during preservation from the month 0 to the month 6.

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Akpan, I. A. and Obotowo, I. N. (2017). Kinetic Potentials of the Effect of Ethanol on Calcium Content of Ashed Cow Bones. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(1): 22-26

Abstract:

The kinetic study was carried out to determine the calcium content in the ashed cow bone extract and to monitor the rate of deterioration of the calcium content in the presence of alcohol. The cow bone was subjected to pre-treatment processes such as drying, grinding, and ashing. The ashed cow bone was digested in distilled water for 24 hours and then filtered. The calcium extract was determined by titration and a concentration of 86.67 mg/l of calcium was recorded. Kinetic studies were carried out by introducing equal volumes of local ethanol into the standard solution of the calcium and measuring the rate of reaction titrimetrically after every 10 minutes interval. The added ethanol led to a gradual decrease of the concentration of calcium with increase in time. The average pH of the reaction mixture was 7.01. Other kinetic parameters such as rate of reaction, reaction constants, order of reaction, half-life and full life of the kinetics of the effect of ethanol on calcium content of the ashed cow bone was determined. The rate of reaction obtained was 0.63 mg/l/min. The rate constant value obtained was 0.00027272 mg/dm3 /min. The kinetics revealed a second order integrated rate law. A half-life of 42.3 minutes was determined which is equivalent to a full life of 84.m minutes. Discussions are made based on the dangers of alcohol intake to the calcium contents of the body.

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Alobi, N. O., Sunday, E.A., Magu, T. O., Oloko, G. O. and Nyong, B. E. (2017). Analysis of Starch from Non- Edible Root and Tubers as Sources of Raw Materials for the Synthesis of Biodegradable Starch Plastics. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(1): 27-32

Abstract:

The study investigated the physicochemical properties of starches from Caladium bicolor (wild cocoyam), Icacina trichantha (false yam), dioscorea villosa (wild sweet yam) and oyster mushroom. Amylose/amylopectin ratio, gel characteristics, hygroscopicity among other properties were examined. The study revealed that wild yam, sweet yam, false yam and oyster mushroom have total starch content of 86.6%, 82.8%, 58.4& and 49.3% respectively. False yam and oyster mushroom had high percentages of amylose (40.2 and 56.7%) while wild cocoyam and sweet yam had high amylopectin content (88.9% and 84.6%) respectively. The functional properties of the starch samples compared favourably with starches from edible sources. This study revealed that starches from non-edible sources like wild cocoyam, false yam, mushroom and sweet yam can be used in the synthesis of bioplastics with improved quality. This will reduce the amount of plastics littered in landfills and will also replace the use of edible starches in non-food purposes enabling edible starches to be available for human consumption and other food/medical applications.

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Ayodele, J.O. (2017). Attitudes of Lagos Residents to waste disposal as major causes to yearly flooding. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(1): 33-39

Abstract:

This paper highlights the attitudes of Lagos residents to waste disposal as the major causes to yearly flooding in the city. It also presents data from an evaluation study of environmental sanitation in six communities spread across three Local Government Areas (LGAs) in Lagos State. The data were analysed descriptively using simple percentages. The paper shows that house hold levels seem to be the best way to start addressing the twin issues of waste disposal and flood control in Nigerian cities. The major findings regarding waste disposal relate to vendors, LAWMA, dumping inside gutters and burning. It therefore suggests result/task oriented use of household resources at the community level to tackle the hydra headed problem of waste disposal and thereby control annual floods that maroon Lagos city yearly. Further still, the expected responsibilities of the Household/ Community, Local Government Areas and the State levels in reshaping the attitudes of people at each level are discussed in the paper. By way of conclusion, the need to incorporate this approach into physical planning in the urban areas is highlighted in the paper.

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Karatas, M., Sert, G., Tetik, B.K., Karatas, T., Yalcinsoy, M. and Selcuk, E.B (2017) Physician Refusal or Withdrawal of Patient Treatment at Healthcare System of A University Hospital in Turkey. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(1): 40-43

Abstract:

The refusal of the physician to give treatment to the patient is the end of relationship between the physician and the patient. The withdraw is end of relationship which has begun between the physician and the patient. The refuse or withdraw of the patient treatment, which constitutes a perception like the same act, causes significant ethical problems in the provision of health care. We carried out our research to identify physicians' considerations. We conducted a survey study between Research Assistants working in Clinical Departments in Inonu University Turgut Ozal Medical Center and in the treatment of patients. In study, 81 (80.2%) physicians were the most important factor in the refusal of the physician to give treatment to the patient, the patient or relative physical violence application. The reason for the refused was the patient who had psychological stress exerted 12 (11.9%), the medical difficulty was 7 (6.9%) and the patient 1 (1.0%) did not trust the physician's knowledge. It is possible to say that the main reason for the refusal of the patient treatment or withdraw treatment is the physician's injury of the honour.

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AL-Hroub, N.M and Ycaza, S.C. (2017) Knowledge and Practices among Nurses Regarding Hygiene in the Care of Comatose Patient in Surgical and Medical Ward in a Government Hospital in Jordan. Journal of basic and applied Research,3(1): 44-52

Abstract:

Background: Hygiene refers to conditions and practices that helps maintain health and prevent the spread of diseases. Whereas in popular culture and parlance it can often mean mere “cleanliness,” hygiene in its fullest and original meaning goes much beyond that to include all circumstances and practices, lifestyle issues, premises and commodities that engender a safe and healthy environment. The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and practice of nurses regarding hygiene in the care of comatose patient in a Government Hospital in Jordan. Materials and methods: The study was conducted during the period of 1 st June 2016 to 1st December 2016. The design of this study is Descriptive cross – sectional hospital base analysis by manual analysis method. This is a type of study in which a condition and potentially related factors are being measured at a specific point in time for a defined population (NEDARC, 2016). Results: The study respondents were fifty (50) nurses, among these respondents, twenty six (26) were males and twenty four (24) were females which was ethically informed to participate in this study. The study showed that knowledge of nurses about hygiene in the care of comatose patient were 45% good, 40.1% poor knowledge and 14.9% moderate knowledge. Conclusion: The present study concluded that study sample has a moderate to good knowledge. Based on the study findings it is recommended that the nurses needs to attend courses and trainings about hygiene of comatose patient to improve their practice.

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