Volume (3), Issue (2), (2017): 53-88

Lin, J and Sung, J. (2017) Comparative Study of the Regulatory Framework on Microfinance. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(2): 53-58

Abstract:

Microfinance is a source of financial services for people who are unable to gain access to traditional banking and financial services. Microfinance is based on two ways of being able to deliver financial services to people. Proponents of microfinance believe that this could be the way to help poor people out of poverty. This paper will analyze this relationship and look at the impact of both regulations and supporting institutions on various indicators of MFI performance for a sample of 79 countries. This will be done in order to determine if MFIs in countries with regulations that should be conducive to microcredit, result in a statistically significant increase in cost per borrower. These types of insights are important as the results will highlight a framework of regulation that a country trying to spur economic growth (through microfinance) could implement to create the highest likelihood of success for existing and upstart MFIs. The countries which are sampled are stratified by income, using a classification system created by the World Bank based on gross national income.

Full Text PDF

Parisette-Sparks, A. and Kreitler, C. M. (2017). Retrospective Reports of Childhood Relationships and Associations with Adult Anxiety and Depression. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(2): 59-70

Abstract:

Despite being two of the most significant mental disorders, limited research has been conducted to investigate childhood antecedents of anxiety and depression in adults outside of traumatic events. Parenting styles and peer relationship factors have been implicated in childhood psychopathology. This study sought to find associations between college students’ current anxiety and/or depression symptomatology, and their retrospective reports of childhood parenting style factors and peer relationships. Participants (N = 206) were recruited through a local University and all questionnaires were completed online. Correlational analysis revealed significant associations between current depression symptoms and childhood bullying and victimization. Also, anxiety symptoms were associated with victimization. MANOVA results revealed significant differences between mother’s over control, indifference, and abuse with current depression and anxiety scores. Father’s abuse was also associated with current depression. This research shows that effects from important early relationships can be long lasting, and highlights the need for appropriate interventions.

Full Text PDF

AL-Hroub, N.M and Ycaza, S.C. (2017). Nursing Students’ Knowledge and Attitudes on Examination Anxiety in a Private University in Jordan. Journal of basic and applied Research,3(2): 71-76

Abstract:

This study aimed to assess the knowledge and attitudes of nursing students regarding anxiety related to examination. Research methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study, which included 81 nursing students (male and female) in level five, six, seven, and eight who are studying at a private university in Jordan, the respondents were selected according to the criteria of inclusion and exclusion, a survey-questionnaire was developed and it was used as instrument for data collection. The questionnaire includes the demographic data and the students’ knowledge and attitudes on examination anxiety followed by analysis of data. Results: The results showed that among the total number of students who participated in the study, majority are female (75.3%), most of their age were between 20 – 22 years old which represented (90.1%) and also majority of respondents know the definition of anxiety which represented (70.4%). Conclusion: This study concluded that nursing students have good knowledge regarding anxiety which represented (65.7%) this study concluded that nursing students have a positive attitude with regard to anxiety on examination which represented (74%). In addition, it was found out that some students have anxiety during examination which represented (8.7%), while other have some signs of anxiety on examination that was represented (75.3%), and 16% of the other respondents have not experienced anxiety during examination.

Full Text PDF

Barakat , L.A.A., Abd elbaky , A. A., Abdel-Aziz, T. and Abd El-Samee, E. (2017) Pro-inflammatory Cytokines Levels in Obese and Diabetic Egyptians & its Correlation with Cardiometabolic Syndrome. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(2): 77-81

Abstract:

Background: To date, the mechanisms linking components underlying the cardiometabolic syndrome (also known metabolic syndrome) remain unclear and other investigators have suggested that inflammation plays a primary pathogenic role. Pro-inflammatory cytokines including IL-6 and tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF- α) are released from macrophages within the vessel wall during an inflammatory response. These cytokines mediate distant inflammatory effects, including activation of hepatic genes encoding acute phase reactant CRP. Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the levels of these pro-inflammatory markers in Egyptian obese and diabetic subjects and their correlation with metabolic syndrome. Results: Our results showed that there were statistically significant differences among studied groups in the inflammatory markers (hs- CRP, IL-6 & TNF- α), being higher in obese and diabetics. Significant positive correlation was seen between inflammatory markers and most of metabolic syndrome markers. Conclusion: Our results are confirming the role of pro-inflammatory markers in the development and pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome in Egyptians.

Full Text PDF

Sever, M. (2017). Applicability of current soft tissue thickness tables in forensic anthropological facial reconstruction studies in turkey. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(2): 82-88

Abstract:

As rapid changes and developments are achieved in the contemporary world, the phenomenon of “crime” is also developing. In response, forensic anthropology as a part of the multi-disciplanary forensic sciences, provide precious contributions to law enforcement. One of the most important contributions forensic anthropology provides to the identification researches is the “Facial Reconstruction”. The purpose of this study is to compare Kirman (Turkish), Lebedinskaya (Russian) and Lebedinskaya (Kazakh) Soft Tissue Thickness (STT) tables versus the STTs of a test group which is derived from the Turkish population, provide contribution in increasing the accuracy of facial reconstruction practices, and test the applicability three STT tables on the Turkish population.

Full Text PDF