Volume (3), Issue (4), (2017): 133-155
Sukkar, A.E. (2017). Culture influences and Leadership theories, A case study: Egyptian culture. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(4): 133-135
Abstract:Culture influences people of a certain region leading to behavioral norms that not only affect people on an individual level but also rather affects the interrelations among them. In this article the author explores how culture might shape or influence the leader as well as the interrelation between the leader and his subordinates.The author argues that in order to adequately understand a given leader’s attributes, these should be examined in terms of a specific structural context across cultures. Thus, there is a growing need for understanding the way in which leadership enacted in various cultures and that is the amain purpose of this review.
Thompson, S.H., Laws, B., White, D., Auth, C. (2017). Impact of Stage of Change and Gender on Motivation to Participate in Recreational Activity and Perceptions of Health. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(4): 136-142
Abstract:Regular recreational activity has numerous mental, physical, and social health benefits. To examine motivations to engage in recreational activity and perceptions of health by gender and Stage of Change (SOC), an online survey was developed and promoted in the Southeastern region of United States in Spring 2015. Using General Linear Model Analysis of Variance (GLM), motivation to participate in recreational activity and perceptions of health (dependent variables) were examined by the independent variables of gender and SOC (covariate). Participants included 735 adults (58.23% female). Females were more likely than males to use recreational activity “to improve physical health and fitness” (Female: M=1.31, Male: 1.42, p < .05) and “to insure mental health and well-being” (Female: M = 1.42, Male: M = 1.61, p < .001). Females perceived better health than males (Female: M = 2.11, Male: M = 2.20, p <, .05). These same items were also significant by SOC with responses decreasing (more likely to agree) by 15.7% (p< .001), 13.15% (p < .0001) and 26.26% (p < .05) for each unit increase in SOC. Needs assessments conducted in this manner may increase participation by allowing for targeted messages to be created for various population groups.
Maghsoudi, A., Savbieh, S., Jafarian, H., Adibiniya, E., Zarei, M., Naybezade, S. (2017). The Role of Advertising on the Buying Behavior Consumers Toward of Date Oil Seed With Using TPB. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(4): 143- 146
Abstract:The present study aims to investigate has been implemented of advertising on the buying behavior consumers for date seed oil using theory planned behavior (TPB). The present study is descriptive of the type of correlation. The study population consisted of all consumers in Kerman. The total samples were 384 people in this research that have participate 82 person in the male group c and 302 person in the female group .A multistage cluster sampling method was used to implement the questionnaire. In this research, descriptive statistical methods such as tables, frequency percentages, mean and standard deviations, and normality and hypothesis testing were confirmed. As a result, all hypotheses were confirmed and indicate the positive and significant hypotheses of the advertising on the variables others that advertising is having significantly and positive effect on the attitude, perceived behavioral control and Subjective norm toward consumer buying behavior and at the end of, advertising have the role of a mediator test toward consumer buying behavior.
Dammo, M.N., Yakeen, A.O., Garba, Y. and Nwakor, A. A. (2017) Assessing Suitability of Constructed Model Treatment Plant in Treating River And Pond Water For Domestic Purposes Maiduguri, Nigeria. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(4): 147-149
Abstract:In this study, Physico-chemical and biological analysis of river Ngadda and pond water collected in Ramat Polytechnic ware evaluated to compare their compliance with World Health Organisation (WHO) using standard analytical methods. The parameters evaluated include: K, Mg, Mn, NO3, Iron, PO4, and hardness pH, Cl, K, Ca, EC, OD, BOD, TDS, Mg, Mn, NO3, PO4, Iron and coliform counts. The results from the laboratory analysis showed some of the physico-chemical parameters conform with WHO except K, Mg, Mn, NO3, Iron, PO4, and hardness that were found to be above the WHO standard. Coliform count was found to be present in the water that exceed the WHO standard. The t-test result reveals that there is no significant difference between the river and pond water properties with the WHO standard. The results of this study indicate that model water treatment plant could be suitable for treating water for domestic purposes.
Ycaza, S.C., Ycaza, C. E., Llego, J. H. (2017). The Relationship between Management Practices of Nurse Supervisors and Patient Care Satisfaction. Journal of basic and applied Research, 3(4): 150-155
Abstract:The study aimed to determine the relationship between management practices of nurse supervisors and patient care satisfaction. The study used a descriptive correlational through survey-questionnaire. Purposive sampling was utilized; there were 100 staff nurses and 100 patients who participated in this study. Results showed that the nurse supervisors’ management the over-all mean score is 4.02. For the over-all mean score for patient care satisfaction is 4.01. Further, Pearson-r revealed (r = 0.10, n = 200, p = 0.31) which indicated that there was no significant relationship between the two variables being tested in the study. Conclusions includes: staff nurses are generally contented with their supervisor’s management; patients are generally appeased with the nursing care they receive; management practice of nurse supervisors has no effect on patient care satisfaction.