Volume (4), Issue (1), (2018): 1-42

Rahal-Bouziane, H and Abdelguerfi, A. (2018) Traits determining the greatest variability among barley landraces (Hordeum vulgare L.) from south Algeria. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(1): 1-8

Abstract:

This study was done on two years of field trials for determining traits explaining the most of diversity among twenty nine barley landraces in presence of three controls and also to confirm the relationships between the different traits studied. Via these two experiments, phenology and agromorphological traits at maturity were studied. Results of the tests showed a great variability within the germplasm revealed by very highly significant differences (P‹0.001) between genotypes for all traits considered and statistically analyzed. Principal component analyzes could explain more than 70 % of the total variation and the greatest variability was explained over the two years by the common following traits: days to heading, days to maturity, 1000 grain weight, awn length, spike weight and plant height. Very high correlations existing between the following traits: awn length, 1000 grain weight, spike weight, days to heading and days to maturity, were confirmed through each test. Also, correlations existed between plant height, 1000 grain weight, spike weight, days to heading and days to maturity and between plant height and spike length and also between grain number per spike and spikelet number per spike. Through both seasons, cluster analyzes divided all six-rowed barley into three cluster groups.

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Ycaza, S.C. (2018). Management Practices of Ward Supervisors and Patient Care Satisfaction: Master’s Thesis. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(1): 9-30

Abstract:

Quality of patient care must not be overlooked even though the domain of patient care at present is fast growing. Ward supervisors are the front line leaders of nursing staff in care of patients in the hospital and they are at the middle level of management. They create an environment that ensures the delivery of safe and high-quality patient care, high patient satisfactory rates, and positive patient outcomes. This study was made to evaluate the quality of nursing care in hospitals by measuring patient care satisfaction with the managerial roles of the ward supervisors taken into consideration; no studies have yet been formally conducted among hospitals in Zamboanga City. The study conducted was a descriptive correlational design that focused on the management practices of ward supervisors and its relationship on patient care satisfaction at Hospital X in Zamboanga City. The respondents will composed of 100 staff nurses who will evaluate the management practices of ward supervisors and 100 adult patients who will evaluate the nursing care provided by the staff nurses. The study will utilize the non-probability, purposive sampling method. The researcher utilized the Pearson product moment to identify the relationship of the two identified variables. In the conclusion, the nursing staffs were satisfied of the ward supervisors’ management practices as well as the patients were also satisfied with the nursing care received from the staff nurses. Although the results were remarkable, the study reveals that the there was no relationship between the ward supervisors management practices and the level of patient care satisfaction at Hospital X. The recommendation is to develop training design for leadership and management for ward supervisors to much more improve the skills in management of their respective areas to help motivate the staff nurses in their nursing care provided to patients.

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Shaker Ardakani, M., Savabieh, S., Jafariyan, H., Maqsoudi, A. (2018). Analyzing mental and perceptional factors influencing on customer satisfaction and its role on word-of-mouth: mediating role of customer commitment. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(1): 31-36

Abstract:

This study aims to analyze mental and perceptional factors influencing on customer satisfaction and its role on word-of-mouth with regard to the mediating role of customer commitment. Statistical universe of the study is generally customers of sales web sites. Since statistical universe of this research is unlimited, it’s been used convenience sampling method. To collect data, the questionnaire was used and was distributed in the volume via Telegram application. To analyze the collected data, SmartPLS Ver.3 was used and structural equations modelling (SEM) was employed. Results showed that factors of entertainment, perceived justice and subjective norms have a positive impact on customer satisfaction, whereas no significant relationship was found between perceived effort and customer satisfaction. Further, customer commitment mediates the relationship between customer satisfaction and WOM.

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Adeeyo, O.A., Oyelabi, A.A., Dare, B. J., Yusuf, U.A., Ebiwonjumi A.S., Okeniran, O.S. and Ojo, W.A. (2018) Citrus Fruit Juice and Anti-Diabetic: Hepato-Protective Effects In Diabetic Wistar Rats. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(1): 37-42

Abstract:

Citrus fruits characterized by flavonoids and limonoids (terpenes) with the juice contains a high quantity of citric acid and sharp flavor. The study aimed to investigate the effect of Citrus Medicus extract on the histo-hepatic architecture and blood glucose parameters in Alloxan induced diabetic wistar rats. A total of Twenty (20) Wistar rats weighing between 75g-120g were used and were classified as control, normoglycemic, hyperglycemic without treatment with Citrus Medicus and hyperglycemic treated with Citrus Medicus. Hyperglycemia was induced with single dose of intraperitoneal injection of Alloxan at 120 mg/kg. Administration was carried for 42 days experimental period using oro-gastric cannula. The weight changes and the blood glucose level were observed. Animals were euthanized 24 hour after the last administration and liver was harvested and process for histological observation using H/E and Van Giessen stains. The result shows that the extract of Citrus Medicus caused significant (p-value < 0.05) decrease in blood glucose and increase in the body weight among the animals treated with Citrus Medicus when compared with hyperglycemia untreated group. Histological observation showed hepatic plates that are arranged, with distinct hepatocytes. Hepatic sinusoid are devoid of blood cloths and are well spaced hence, maintanace of hepatic integrity was observed among the animals treated with Citrus Medicus. However, The de- arrangemnt of the hepatic plates, loss of the hepatocytes, loss of hepatic sinusoid and large deposit of the collagen were demonstrated with presences of blood cloths in untreated hyperglycemia animals. Nuclear shrinkages among the array of hepatocytes was equally observed in the hyperglycemia untreated animals. In conclusion, the extract of Citrus Medicus caused reduction in blood sugar, maintenance of body weight and maintenance of histo-hepatic architecture in Alloxan induced diabetic rats.

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