Volume (4), Issue (3), (2018): 49-62

Boonroungrut, C., Dechporm, S., Oo, T.T., One. K. (2018). A Mediation Study of Human Dark Personality and the Prediction of Students’ Monetary Attitudes. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(3): 49-57

Abstract:

Dark Triad can potentially predict monetary attitudes; however, the literacy in students’ monetary attitudes is still limited. Objective: To study the roles of mediating variables among students’ monetary attitudes that were influenced possibly by saving, spending and indifference attitudes according to Sereetrakul (2014) with the human Dark Triad personality: Machiavellianism, Narcissism, and Psychopathy. Methods: Cross-sectional was methodologically designed with randomly selected 310 Thai university students. Saving Behavior Scale and Short Dark Triad Thai Version (SD3-TH) were provided through the online platform in their computer classrooms. The T-test indicated the significant differences in mean scores. The indirect effect of simple mediation and multiple mediation models were examined. The Sobel test and Bootstrapping 95% confident interval were verified under Hayes’ PROCESS method judgement. Results: Loan students showed significantly higher in all 3 monetary attitudes and higher in Machiavellianism and Narcissism than selfsupport students. Female showed higher significantly in Psychopathy than male. Presence of mediator appeared on Machiavellianism that could predict both positive saving and spending attitude outcomes. Conclusions: This study highlighted the presence of mediators that potentially explained a new definition which the higher saving higher monetary indifference attitudes as the satisfied point between saving and spending attitudes in Machiavellianism and Narcissism personality groups.

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Songuimondenin, S., Martin, K.T., Siaka, B., Appolinaire, K.K., Hubert, K.K., Parfait, K.E.J., Kouamé, L.P. (2018). Proximate composition of wild yam Dioscorea praehensilis Tubers flours as Influenced by Boiling Times. Journal of basic and applied Research, 4(3): 58-62

Abstract:

The wild yam Dioscorea praehensilis is widely consumed as famine food in Côte d’Ivoire and numbers of African countries mainly after boiling. Raw and boiled wild yam tubers (Dioscorea praehensilis) flours were analyzed for proximate contents such as ash, crude protein, carbohydrate, Moisture energy s using standard procedures and methods. (YT0) was used as control compared to tubers boiled for 5 minutes (YT5), 10 minutes (YT10), 20 minutes (YT20), 30 minutes (YT30) and 40 minutes (YT40). The crude protein contents (9.13 g/100g DM), ash (1.02 g/100g DM), lipid (3.25 g/100g DM), carbohydrate (89.21 g/100g DM) and Moisture (13.04%) were significantly (p<0.05) lowered in the boiled tubers. Even boiled, Dioscorea praehensilis remained a good energy supply product with about 391 kCal/100g. The evolution of parameters essentially the decrease of moisture content showed that for the storage and nutritional purpose, boiling had both positive and negative effect on yam tuber flours. A cooking time of between 5 and 40 min at 100°C was recommended for D. praehensilis.

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