The Effect on Lactation of Back Massage Performed in the Early Postpartum Period

Main Article Content

Funda Kosova
Zuhal Demirta?
Selda?ldan Çal?m
Levent Sapmazc

Abstract

Background & Aim: The mother’s milk is by itself a sufficient food for the growth and development of a newly-born baby.  Lactation begins after a woman has given birth, and it is thought that hormones, along with the physiological changes which take place, have an effect on this process. The aim of this study was to examine the levels of oxytocin, prolactin and noradrenalin and levels of the Beck Depression Scale in order to determine the effects on lactation of back massage carried out in the early postpartum period. Methods: We randomly assigned 60 women who had a normal delivery into two groups: a massage group and a controlgroup.  TheBeck Depression Questionnaire was applied to the groups, and 2 cc blood samples were taken for measurement ofthe levels of prolactin, oxytocin and noradrenalin by the Elisa method.(Milipore Corporation, Billerica, MA, USA). Results:  We observed that levels of noradrenalin fell to a statistically significant extent in the massage group compared with the control group (p<0.05), while levels of oxytocin and prolactin rose, but not by a statistically significant amount.  We found that the severity of anxiety on the Beck Depression Scale fell significantly in the control group compared to the massage group. Conclusions: Because regularly performed back massage increases the amount of mother’s milk, it will not be necessary to provide supplementary feeding for the baby’s development.  As a result individuals will be healthier and there will be no economic losses.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

Article Details

Section
Journal of Basic And Applied Research

References

A. Polat, A., Parlak, A., Sar?, E., (2010) . Anne Sütü ve Emzirme Teknikleri. 39-44 Abdeyazdan, Z., Boroumandfar, K., Esfahani, M., Jodakee, M., S. Sheykhi, S., (2013). A comparative study on vaccination pain in the methods of massage therapy and mothers’ breast feeding during injection of infants referring to Navabsafavi Health Care Center in Isfahan. Iran J Nurs Midwifery Res. 18(6), 494-98

Algers, B., Spinka, M., (1995). Functional view on udder massage after milk let-down in pigs. Appl. Anim. Behav. Sci. 43(1), 197–212

Alt?nta?, A., Baksu, B., Davas, ?., Kara, A., Varolan, A., Yoldemir, T., (2001). Peripartum ?ntramüsküler Metoklopramid Uygulamas?n?n Postpartum Laktasyon Ba?lama Zaman?na Etkisi. Ege T?p Dergisi. 40(3), 203-206

Aono, A., Irahara, M., Ueda, T., Yokoyama, Y., (1994). Releases of oxytocin and prolactin during breast massage and suckling in puerperal women. Eur J Obstet Gynecol Reprod Biol. 53(1) 17-20.

Arslan, H., Yi?it, F., (2008). Bebe?in Ald??? Anne Sütü Miktar?n?n De?erlendirilmesi ?çin Bir Araç: ?mdat. 39(2), 77-84

Ashbee, O., Goldberg, JM., (2006). Hormones: A Guide For FTMs. Voncouver Coastal Health. 1-16.

Avc?, A., (2004). Behçet Hastal???nda Serum Prolaktin Düzeyleri. T.C. Sa?l?k Bakanl??? Haseki Hastanesi Deri ve Zührevi Hastal?klar Klini?i. Uzmanl?k Tezi.

Bowles, B., (2011). Breast Massage. United States Lactation Consultant Association. 4(2), 21-4

Boyd, AED., Bower, B., Reichlin, S., Spare, S., (1978). Neurogenic galactorrhea-amenorrhea. J Clin Endocrinol Metab, 47(6), 1374-77

Britton, C., McCormick, FM., Renfrew, MJ., Wade, A., (2009). SE. King, Support for breastfeeding mothers. The Cochrane Library. 10:14-22.

Bush, JP., Estroff, D., Field, T., Latifses, V., (2005). Fathers massaging and relaxing their pregnant wives lowered anxiety and faciliated maritial adjustment. Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies. 9(4), 277-82

Chalmers B., Dzakpasu S., (2009) What Mothers Say: The Canadian Maternity Experiences Survey, Public Health Agency of Canada, Tunney’s Pasture. 5-9.

Dowswell, T., Mangesi, L., (2010). Treatments for breast engorgement during lactation. (Review) The Cochrane Library. 9:1-30

Einarsson, S., Rojkittikhun, T., Uvna¨s-Moberg, K., (1993). Plasma oxytocin, prolactin, insulin and LH after 24 h of fasting and after refeeding in lactating sows. Acta Physiol. Scand. 148(2), 413–19

Ellendorff, F., Poulain, D., (2011). A means to assess nursing efficiency in the pig: the study of the milk ejection reflex. 15(2), 271-4

Field, T., (2010). Pregnancy and labor massage. Expert Review of Obstetrics & Gynecology, 5(2), 177–81

Gassman, K.B., Gorewit, R.C., (1985). Effects of Duration of Udder Stimulation on Milking Dynamics and Oxytocin Release. Journal of Dairy Science. 68(7), 1813–18

Gölba??, Z., Koç, G., (2008). Kad?nlar?n Postpartum ?lk 6 Ayl?k Süredeki Emzirme Davran??lar? ve Prenatal Dönemdeki Emzirme Emzirme Tutumunun Emzirme Davran??lar? Üzerindeki Etkisi. Sa?l?k Bilimleri Fakültesi Hem?irelik Dergisi. 16–31

Guy, W., (1976). Clinical Global Impressions: ECDEU Assessment Manual for Pharmacology, revised edition. Rockville, MD: National Institute of Mental Health, Dept. of Health. Education and Welfare Publication (ADM). 218-22

Gürel, P., (2009). Poliklini?imize Ba?vuran 6ay- 12 Ay Aras? Çocuklar?n Annelerinin; Anne Sütü ile Beslenme ve Emzirme Konusunda Bilgi Düzeyinin ve Uygulamalar?n?n De?erlendirilmesi. T.C. Sa?l?k Bakanl??? Bak?rköy Dr. Sadi Konuk E?itim ve Ara?t?rma Hastanesi Aile Hekimli?i Koordinatörü ve Çocuk Sa?l??? ve Hastal?klar? Klinik ?efi Uz .Dr. Sami Hatipo?lu.

Hisli, N., (1989). Beck Depresyon Envanteri’nin Üniversite Ö?rencileri için Geçerli?i, Güvenirli?i. Psikoloji Dergisi, 6(23), 13-22

K. Jinhee, K., Jungsuk, C., Sukhee, A., (2011). Effects of Breast Massage on Breast Pain, Breast-milk Sodium, and Newborn Suckling in Early Postpartum Mothers Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing. 41(4), 451-55

Karahan, N., (2010). Oksitosin ?ndüksiyonunun Travay Sürecine ve Perine Üzerine Etkileri. T.C Marmara Üniversitesi Sa?l?k Bilimleri Enstitüsü.

K?l?nç , S., Torun, F., (2011). Türkiye’de Klinikte Kullan?lan Depresyon De?erlendirme Ölçekleri. Dirim T?p Gazetesi, 86(1) , 39-47

Kotwica, G., Okrasa, S., (1989). Oxytocin plasma level in the lactating sows--effect of suckling. 40(1), 104-10.

Krejc?, P., Lidicky, J., Lllmann, G., Spinka, M., Stetkova, Z., Tomane, M., Sedlak, L., (1999). Prolactin and ?nsulin Levels in Lactating Sows in Relation to Nursing Frequency. Domestic Animal Endocrinology. 17(12), 53–64

Lee, M.K., (2003). Effects of San-Yin-Jiao (SP6) acupressure on anxiety, pulse and neonatal status in women during labor, Korean J Women Health Nurs. 9(2), 138-51

Madenci, E., (2007). Klasik Masaj. Türkiye Fiziksel T?p ve Rehabilitasyon Dergisi. 53(2), 58-61

Matthiesen, A., Nissen, E., Ransjö-Arvidson, B., Uvnäs-Moberg, K., (2001). Postpartum Maternal Oxytocin Release by Newborns: Effects of Infant Hand Massage and Sucking, 28(1), 13-19

McLoughlin, A., (2002). Massage and nursing. Journal of Community Nursing, Orthepoedic Nursing. 29(4), 254-7

Otlu, B., (2008). Üniversite Ö?rencilerinin Depresyon Düzeyleri ve Aile ??levleri. Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Buca E?itim Fakültesi Örne?i, Dokuz Eylül Üniversitesi, Buca E?itim Fakültesi Dergisi. 23: 30-35

Shaw, W., (2004). Inhibition of dopamine conversion to norepinephrine by Clostridia metabolites appears to be a (the) major cause of autism, schizophrenia, and other neuropsychiatric disorders. All these factors can now be monitored in The Great Plains Laboratory Organic Acids Test. The Great Plains Laboratory. 13(3), 1-7

Sulu N., Uzun, M., (2002). Oksitosin ve Fizyolojik Etkileri. Kafkas Üniversitesi Veterinerlik Fakültesi. 8(1), 91-7

Zheng, JJ., Zhao,P.Y., Lu, XY. Wang, (2009). Effect of Tuina at breast on postpartum lactation. Journal of Acupuncture and Tuina Science. 7(6), 375-78